An organ transplant involves removing a healthy organ from one person and surgically placing it in another person. The person who is giving the healthy organ is called the donor. The person who is receiving the healthy organ is called the recipient. Depending on the organ that’s being donated, the donor may be dead or alive.
Organ transplant is the last suggested procedure in cases of organ failure, and is undertaken only in critical cases and emergency medical situations. In such situations, at the critical end of organ failure, a healthy organ/organs for transplant from a person living or deceased is transplanted into the organ transplant recipient, offering them a new chance of survival.
Organ transplant donation helps people suffering from chronic illnesses to live a more fulfilled life and a healthier one up to a normal lifespan. Organ transplantation may be required in cases of genetic organ defects such as congenital heart defects or polycystic kidney disease, and in such cases, medication can fall short of making a difference in lifestyle or lifespan of the patient.
Organs for transplant include the lungs, heart, pancreas, kidneys, liver and intestine, and transplants for the face and body are also being undertaken more recently.
Humans have two kidneys, one on each side of the upper abdominal region of the body.
The right kidney is located slightly lower than the left one so that there is space to accommodate the liver, which is situated immediately above the right kidney.
They are each around 5-6 inches in length and approximately the size of a big fist.
Kidneys are an essential part of the human mechanism, helping to filter out toxins from the blood, and ensuring an electrolyte balance that allows the body to function normally, It also regulates blood pressure by producing hormones that maintain the pressure ..
When the kidneys do not do their job, toxic waste builds up in the body ..
Although humans have two kidneys, the body is capable of surviving with only one functioning kidney.
Kidney failure can be contained by either dialysis or kidney transplants ..
-When kidneys stop functioning, patients are put through the dialysis treatment. It is a process that filters waste from the blood mechanically, and performs the job that the kidneys are unable to.
-A kidney transplant is a surgery done to replace a diseased or dysfunctional kidney in a person with a healthy kidney from a living or deceased donor.
Kidney transplant, also called renal transplant, is performed to treat kidney failure in humans.
In cases where dialysis is ruled out for the patient due to the severity of the kidney failure or overall health conditions, an organ transplant surgery is suggested. Either one, or both kidneys may be replaced for such patients.
A single kidney transplant usually involves a living organ transplant donor and both of them are put on specialized diets and medication to reduce chances of organ transplantation complications such as rejection of the donor organ or blood infections.
Patients with cancer, hepatitis or cardiovascular disease are not chosen as candidates for most organ transplant processes, including kidney transplant.
Receiving a kidney from a living relative reduces the chance of rejection of the organ and is suggested as a better choice of organ transplant. This also enables the patient awaiting transfer to bypass the wait of many years to receive the organ transplant.
- The Bone Marrow Transplant Program at “wox clinic” Health System has been at the forefront of the field in treating hematological malignancies with bone marrow transplants , Hematologic malignancies are cancers that affect a patient’s blood or lymph system.
- Bone Marrow Transplant can successfully treat a variety of cancers and other conditions that are resistant to other forms of care.
- Bone Marrow Transplant is a standard option for the treatment of certain types of diseases. Additionally, the program’s doctors and researchers continue to research and conduct clinical trials to find ways to improve the quality of life for cancer patients.
there are three Types of Bone Marrow Transplant:
- Autologous transplant: An autologous transplant uses the patient’s own stem cells.
- Allogeneic transplant: An allogeneic transplant uses stem cells collected from another adult. The donor may be a sibling of the patient or an unrelated person identified through a donor registry.
- Cord transplant: Another source of stem cells is the umbilical cord blood of a related or unrelated birth of a child.
Your doctor will determine if a bone marrow transplant will benefit you, and if so, which type of BMT will be most effective in treating your condition.